2015 was the warmest year in history. The news comes directly from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the US federal agency interested in meteorology. The global average temperature on land and on the ocean surface was 0.90 degrees above the average of the 20th century but according to a study carried out by the German research institute Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, reducing food waste around the world would help to limit the emissions of gases that warm the Planet.
The agriculture, indeed, is a major cause of climate change, whereas about 40% of the food produced is never consumed, because discarded after harvesting or during transport or because thrown away by shops and consumers. Managing better use and distribution of food by 2050 it would be possible to cut about 14% of greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural production. In addition, the reduction of food waste and the distribution of surplus production where there is a greater need could also decrease hunger. Some initiatives are being born both in rich and developing countries to cope with the problem: in January, for example, thirty business leaders, ministers and officials, along with foundations, research groups and charitable organizations including Tesco, Nestlé, Rabobank, Unilever, Oxfam America, WWF international and Rockefeller Foundation, have created a coalition that seeks to reduce by 50% food waste and significantly reduce the loss of food by 2030.