Political decisions radically affect the strength with which a country tries to achieve its sustainable development goals. To assess the regulatory apparatus health in energy transaction, has recently been published report RISE 2016, a survey conducted by the World Bank Group with the support of ESMAP (Energy Sector Management Assistant Program), Climate Investments Funds and Sustainable Energy For All.
The RISE, Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy, are a set of parameters that allow you to compare national policies and the regulatory framework in the field of sustainable energy globally. With the focus centered on three fundamental pillars, energy access, efficiency and the advancement of renewable, the 27 indicators cover 111 countries, representing around 96% of the world population. The objective of this report is to provide a tool for policy-makers, a common point of observation, enabling them to evaluate its work and optimize it according to a progress in a sustainable direction.
Each indicator is headed to a specific area of the political-legislative framework and the sum of the scores achieved generates an overall assessment from 0 to 100 for each country. This map graphically summarizes the quality of energy programs of policy makers worldwide.
It seems evident that the highest criticality, indicated by the density of countries in red, is in Sub-Saharan part of Africa, the continent, with about 600 million people without access to energy, is the least 'electrified ' of the world. Big concerns generates the condition of Ethiopia, Nigeria and Sudan, three of the states with the highest level of energy deficit, with a total of 116 million people without access to electricity.
The survey shows that, among the developing countries, many are emerging as leaders in sustainable development, despite the still existing gaps in the regulatory framework. Illustrative cases can be identified in Africa (South Africa), Asia (China, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam), Europe and Central Asia (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan), Latin America ( Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico), and the Middle East (Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia)
National policies of these states still have deficiencies and gaps in energy efficiency and in the regulation of distribution services, such as residential solar, but they demonstrate a strong commitment to sustainable direction.
Governments should ask, in light of what emerges from this survey: are we doing enough to achieve the sustainable development goals we have set ourselves? The path we have taken is the best or we can make changes that make it most efficient?
We await firm and courageous answers, waiting for the next RISE Report.