Smart and eco-sustainable islands

Sep 03, 2015 | written by:

In the world we have 11 of what so called 'Smart Islands' because of the high level of energy autonomy developed in the last few years by using and testing new renewable-energy technologies.

These Smart Islands are worthy and laudable because their goal is to become greener and to implement systems with a high level of energy autonomy: they already present their own internal system exploiting energy storage solutions to satisfy energy needs. The increase in the level of energy autonomy is obtained through the maximisation of electric power production from renewable energy resources.

El Hierro (Spain) has many hydroelectric and wind plants to produce energy and simultaneously eliminate 18.700 tons of carbon emissions.

Samsø (Denmark) uses 21 wind turbines both onshore and offshore to reduce CO2 emissions by 12 tons each inhabitant.

Eigg (Scotland) in the British Hebrides Archipelago, made all the 49 families who live there completely autonomous thanks to 3 hydroelectrical installations, 4 wind turbines and 50 kW solar panels. These technologies reduce the carbon dioxide by about 8,4 tons per year.

Bonaire (BES Islands, Caribbean) in the Caribbean sea, has 12 wind turbines already working right now but it is still investing in biofuels by farming and cultivating seaweeds on the Island.

Bornholm (Denmark) with its solar cells, wind turbines and woodchip incineration meets almost 50% of the island’s energy needs.

Pellworm (Germany) is one of the largest hybrid renewable energy plants in Europe: It combines photovoltaic and wind energy to provide over 700 MWh/year of electricity. The island produces three times more electricity than it needs.

Tokelau (New Zealand) is located in New Zealand and consists of three tropical coral atolls with three solar power stations. This enviable solar system makes Tokelau the first nation in the world to be 100% powered by solar power .

Aruba (Caribbean), located in the Caribbean Sea, already hosts 10 on-shore turbines but a new wind park with new generation turbines is going to be set by the end of 2015

Isle of Muck (Scotland) with a total of 70 citizens, is totally autonomous thanks to 6 wind turbines and 30 kW solar panels.

Isle of White (England) 2 miles away from the British shore with a total of 132.731 habitants, is going to become autonomous within the end of 2020. 30 MW renewable resources installations will be established between solar panels, wind farms and new technologies to exploit the tide energy.

Isle of Gigha (Scotland) is almost 100% powered by a wind farm with three huge aerogenerators.

 

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